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 电炉的安装与维修

安装与使用
Installation and use
1、本电炉为一体的设置,电炉不需特殊安装,只需平放在室内地面或台架上。为了操作,电炉均需可靠接地。
1. The electric furnace is an integrated setting. The electric furnace does not need special installation, but only needs to be placed flat on the indoor ground or bench. In order to operate, electric furnaces need to be reliably grounded.
2、请严格按照如下步骤安装仪器:(为防止误连接,仪器上的各插座型号分别有相应连接线一一对应,因此若发现异常严禁强行连接。)
2. Please install the instrument in strict accordance with the following steps: (in order to prevent incorrect connection, each socket model on the instrument has corresponding connection wires one by one, so it is strictly prohibited to connect forcibly in case of abnormality.)
(1) 将控制箱挂于炉体侧面就位。
(1) Hang the control box on the side of the furnace body in place.
(2) 将电阻炉炉体与控制箱背后的输出插座用专用连接线连接。
(2) Connect the resistance furnace body with the output socket behind the control box with a special connecting wire.
(3) 将温度传感器连线分别插入控制箱和炉体相应的插孔内。
(3) Insert the temperature sensor wires into the corresponding sockets of the control box and the furnace body respectively.
(4) 将控制箱的总电源接入用户电源插座,并检查电源电压是否满足设备要求。
(4) Connect the main power supply of the control box to the user's power socket, and check whether the power supply voltage meets the equipment requirements.
3、硅钼棒(DB型即1700度电阻炉)炉子由于其加热元件的特殊性,所以刚开始升温时建议手动控制1-2分钟使电阻炉的功率恒定在某数值,待硅钼棒预热后恢复到自动状态,这么做对电阻炉的加热元件及电网都有一定的保护,且节省时间。
3. Due to the particularity of the heating element of the silicon molybdenum rod (DB type, i.e. 1700 degree resistance furnace), it is recommended to manually control the temperature rise for 1-2 minutes to keep the power of the resistance furnace at a certain value, and return to the automatic state after the silicon molybdenum rod is preheated. This will protect the heating element and power grid of the resistance furnace and save time.
4、检查断偶保护是否正常工作,其方法是:拔出信号插头,此时测温指示迅速上升到高点亦自动切断加热电源,则断偶装置良好,重新接好的热电偶后,可正常工作。
4. Check whether the broken couple protection works normally. The method is: pull out the signal plug. At this time, the temperature measurement indication rises rapidly to the high point and automatically cut off the heating power supply. Then the broken couple device is in good condition and can work normally after reconnecting the thermocouple.
5、烘炉,当电炉一次使用或长期停用后再次使用时,进行烘炉。
5. Oven drying: when the electric furnace is used once or used again after long-term shutdown, oven drying shall be carried out.
其程序如下:当室温 升 200℃ 4小时(打开炉门让水蒸汽散发)当200℃ 升600℃ 4小时(关闭炉门)当600℃ 升800℃ 2小时(关闭炉门)
The procedure is as follows: when the room temperature rises by 200 ℃ for 4 hours (open the furnace door to let the steam dissipate), when 200 ℃ rises by 600 ℃ for 4 hours (close the furnace door), when 600 ℃ rises by 800 ℃ for 2 hours (close the furnace door)
6、使用完毕,首先将控制器面板上的钮子开关拔向关的位置,然后切断总电源开关维修与保养
6. After use, first pull the button switch on the controller panel to the off position, and then cut off the main power switch for repair and maintenance
1、仪器应放在干燥通风、无腐蚀性气体的地方,工作环境温度为10—50℃,相对温度不大于85%。
1. The instrument shall be placed in a dry and ventilated place without corrosive gas. The working environment temperature is 10-50 ℃, and the relative temperature shall not be greater than 85%.
2、为保证测量准确,用户可根据需要对温控器及热电偶进行校正,以免引起较大误差。
2. In order to ensure the accuracy of measurement, users can correct the temperature controller and thermocouple as needed to avoid large errors.
3、定期检查各部分热线有否松动,交流接触器的触头是否良好,出现故障应及时修。
3. Regularly check whether the hot wire of each part is loose and whether the contact of AC contactor is in good condition. In case of failure, it shall be repaired in time.
4、硅钼棒型炉子,发现硅钼棒损坏后,应更换规格相同新钼棒。更换时卸损坏的硅钼棒夹头,然后取出已损坏的硅钼棒,由于硅碳钼易断,安装时须小心,两端露炉壳外部分应相等,夹头一定紧固,使之与硅钼棒接触良好。如果夹头有严重氧化时应换。硅钼棒两端安装孔处的隙缝应用石棉绳堵塞。炉温不得超过高工作温度1700℃。硅钼棒在高温度下允许连续工作4小时。
4. For silicon molybdenum rod type furnace, if the silicon molybdenum rod is found to be damaged, it shall be replaced with a new molybdenum rod with the same specification. When replacing, remove the damaged silicon molybdenum rod collet, and then take out the damaged silicon molybdenum rod. Because silicon carbon molybdenum is easy to break, be careful during installation. The exposed parts outside the furnace shell at both ends should be equal, and the collet must be fastened to make it in good contact with the silicon molybdenum rod. If the collet has serious oxidation, replace it. The gap at the mounting holes at both ends of the silicon molybdenum rod shall be blocked with asbestos rope. The furnace temperature shall not exceed 1700 ℃ of the high working temperature. The silicon molybdenum rod is allowed to work continuously for 4 hours at high temperature.
5、用户能守上述操作规程在正常使用过程中,确因产品质量不能正常工作时,一年内免费修理,直至更换产品。但未经生产厂查明质量原则,用户不得自行拆装,否则由用户负责各项维修费
5. Users can abide by the above operating procedures. In the process of normal use, if the product cannot work normally due to product quality, it will be repaired for free within one year until the product is replaced. However, users are not allowed to disassemble and assemble without the manufacturer's verification of the quality principle, otherwise users are responsible for various maintenance costs
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